BBM Team

1016 posts  19938 Followers  9 Following

Keep Your Home Healthy

Good health begins at home. But only if the home is healthy to begin with.

But what is a healthy home?

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an agency that aims to protect public health and safety, many factors combine to create a healthy home.

A healthy home has good indoor air—it is smoke-free and CO free, and has good ventilation.

A healthy home has safe and clean water supply.

A healthy home is free from lead, high levels of radon, and excess chemicals.

A healthy home is a solid structure that keeps out pests, moisture, noise, and pollution.

A healthy home is safe from injuries—it has smooth floor surfaces, stair handrails, adequate lighting, and safety devices.

The CDC, in a notelet A Healthy Home for Everyone: The Guide for Families and Individuals, lists an action plan to keep homes healthy. Here it is:

Keep in mind that a home is a system. To have a healthy home and keep it healthy, pay attention to the whole home.

Solutions to housing problems are interconnected. One fix can help with more than one problem:

  • Preventing moisture can keep out pests and keep paint intact.

  • Ventilating well can get rid of poisons, keep moisture down, and bring in fresh air.

  • Installing a vapour barrier can keep out radon and prevent moisture.

  • Replacing old windows can reduce lead-based paint, save energy, and improve ventilation.

Bedrooms, Living Rooms, and Family Rooms


  • Install smoke alarms and test them monthly; change alkaline batteries annually.

  • Do not smoke or allow anyone else to smoke in the home.

  • Fix peeling or chipping paint using lead-safe work practices.

  • Use safe work practices when painting, remodeling, and renovating to prevent spreading lead dust.

  • Clean up clutter—it provides places for rodents and insects to nest and can be a trip hazard.

  • Keep floors clear of electrical cords and clutter such as shoes, clothing, and children’s toys.

  • Make sure cribs, playpens, and play equipment are safe.

  • Keep the crib free of soft objects or loose bedding such as pillows, quilts, bumper pads, or stuffed toys.

  • Place an infant on his or her back to sleep.

  • Use cordless blinds and shades or tie the cords out of reach of children.

  • Place covers on electrical outlets.

  • If a firearm is kept in the home, it should be stored unloaded and locked in a secure container— inaccessible to children.



  • Never use the stove or oven to heat the house.

  • Use a range hood fan or other kitchen exhaust fan. The best fans vent outside; a fan that is not vented outside keeps the fumes and moisture in the house.

  • Install a carbon monoxide alarm and check regularly

  • Never leave food unattended on the stove.

  • Avoid wearing clothes with long, loose-fitting sleeves when cooking.

  • Use safe cleaning and pest-control products. If you cannot avoid using harmful products, keep them locked up and away from children and dispose them safely.

Keep out cockroaches and mice without pesticides

  • Keep them out—seal openings to the outside and between rooms.

  • Starve them—put away food, clean up, and cover the trash and garbage.

  • Deny them water—fix leaks and wipe up spilled water.

  • Use closed baits, traps, and gels only when necessary.

  • Never use bug bombs or foggers. Cleaning products can be safe when used as directed.



  • Install grab bars on the wall of the bathtub and shower and next to the toilet.

  • Use mats with nonslip rubber backs on bathroom floors.

  • Keep prescription and over-the-counter medications away from children.

  • Clean up moisture and mould safely. Wash away mould with a bleach and water mixture. Never mix bleach with ammonia or other cleaners.

  • Open windows and doors to get fresh air.

  • Use a bathroom exhaust fan that is vented outside; a fan that is not vented outside might move air, but it keeps moisture in the house

Store rooms

  • Ensure proper ventilation to prevent moisture that promotes mold growth.

  • Seal gaps to keep rodents and insects out. Clean up clutter to deny rodents and insects any places to nest.

  • Lock up products used for cleaning, car maintenance, gardening, and pest control.

Stairways and Halls


  • Use gates at the top and bottom of stairs if children live in or visit the home.

  • Keep a working light bulb in overhead lights in the hall and above the stairs.

  • Prevent trips and falls on the stairs: Fix loose or uneven steps and rails, keep stairs free of clutter and install handrails on both sides of the stairway.

Fix holes, cracks, and leaks on exterior of the house. Eliminate standing water and food sources. Keep trash can covered with a lid.

With knowledge, having a healthy home is in everyone’s reach. Get started today.

Courtesy: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), United States
Photos courtesy: ////